All Environment Protocols, Conventions, meetings for UPSC IES ESE 2023 PRE . If you ask me about most important topics in environment for exam. This is the most important topic for energy and environment.

Just remember all protocols and revise 2-3 times. And already we have discussed in current affairs about COP 26 we have also understand 5 mantra given by our Prime Minister Narendra Modi, How we are going to achieve net zero carbon by 2070.

The 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference or Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC, more commonly referred to as COP27, was the 27th United Nations Climate Change conference, held from November 6th until November 20th, 2022 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

Decision adopted under this agenda item: Joint work on implementation of climate action on agriculture and food security.

COP 28 will take place in the United Arab Emirates. The summit will be held at Expo City Dubai from November 30th until December 12th, 2023.

India will assume the chairmanship of the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA), a multilateral technology control agreement for a period of one year. Read article at livemint very important

The European Union (EU) member states and parliamentarians announced a landmark reform within the bloc’s carbon market on December 18, 2022. This reform serves as the central plank in the EU’s ambitions to reduce carbon emissions and invest in climate-friendly technologies. The deal includes provisions such as accelerated emission cuts, phase-out of free allowances to industries, fuel emissions from the building and road transport sectors, and much more. The initiative that stands out the most is the carbon border tax, which marks itself as the world’s first major move aimed at making the economy carbon-neutral by 2050.

What Is The Carbon Border Tax?

A carbon border tax (CBT) is a duty placed on imports based on the amount of carbon emission that results from the production of the product in question. It places a conscious price on carbon as a measure to discourage emissions. However, from a trade-related perspective, many have argued that it would affect production and exports. The idea of CBT has been discussed widely by experts for years, and they have explored the trade risks that could tag along with the taxes. Many claimed that it could become a protectionist device, unduly shielding local industries from foreign competition in so-called ‘green protectionism’. There are also measures proposed to hold back incentives for companies under the bloc that would move production to more tolerant countries with weaker regulations, something that EU lawmakers refer to as “carbon leakage.”

So with current affairs we have covered already but below table you should have in your mind. 

What is ramsar Convention, STOCKHOLM, CITES, UNFCC, AGENDA 21,EARTH SUMMIT Rotterdam, cartegena,peris agreement, Nagoya, cop 21,All Environment Protocols, Conventions, meetings for UPSC kagali agreement